This chapter is about ancient Jewish religious holidays. Ergo the featured picture. We’ll be getting into the sabbath, the Passover & Unleavened Bread, First fruits, Feast of Weeks, Feast of Trumpets, Day of Atonement, & Feast of Tabernacles. We’ll be getting into when they are to happen, what’s to happen while the event is going on, etc. Enjoy the read.
God says to Moses, “Talk to the Israelites. Tell them about my “feasts” (which are now “holidays”) of me (God).”
Here’s what God told Moses about the Sabbath:
There’s 6 days when you can do work. But the 7th day is a Sabbath of rest. (Yes, this is just like in Genesis chapter 1 where God made EVERYTHING in 6 days. And on the 7th day, he (God) rested.) This day is a day of sacred assembly. Wherever they (the Israelites) live, they HAD to observe the Sabbath. (I find this interesting. Because it doesn’t say what day exactly that the Sabbath should be on. At least not in this passage.)
Here’s about the Passover & Unleavened Bread:
God’s Passover begins at twilight on the 14th day of the 1st month. (So, according to our handy dandy chart, that would be Nisan. I’m assuming that it’s pronounced like the car company Nissan. But I could be wrong.) On the 15th day of Nisan God’s Feast of Unleavened Bread begins. For 7 days, the Israelites had to eat yeast-less bread. (Think communion wafer, pita bread, flat bread.) On the 1st day, the Israelites had to hold “a sacred assembly.” (Means get together.) “Regular” working wasn’t allowed. For 7 days, they had to present an offering made to God by fire. On the 7th day, they had to hold a sacred assembly & don’t do “regular” work.
God said to Moses: “When y’all enter the land I’m about to give y’all & you reap its harvest, bring to the pries a sheaf of the first grain you harvest.” God then proceeds to tell Moses on what else the Israelites had to do with the first fruits: Had to wave the sheaf before God so it’ll be accepted on their behalf. (I feel like this is almost of a “Hey, God. Look over. Look at what I’m doing” kind of thing.) The priest is to wave it on the day after the Sabbath. (“Hey, God. Just wanna make sure you’re paying attention!”) On the day they waved the sheaf, they had to sacrifice, as a burnt offering, to God a lamb that’s a year old, without “defect,” “together with its grain offering of 2/10 of an ephah” (About 4 quarts/4.5 liters) of fine flour mixed with oil. Its drink offering of a 1/4 of a hin (About 1 quart/1 liter) of wine. You can’t eat an bread, roasted or new grain, until the very day that you brought this offering to God. ”
Feast of Weeks:
Now this goes right after the first fruits. I mean, right after. From the day AFTER the Sabbath, which is the day they would’ve brought the wave offering, count off 7 FULL weeks. Then they had to count off 50 days up to the day after the 7th Sabbath. Then the Israelites had to present an offering of new grain to God.
They had to bring, wherever they lived, 2 loaves (made of 2/10 of an ephah of fine flour, baked with yeast) as a wave offering of first fruits to God. Then present this with 7 male lambs (each a year old & without defect), 1 young bull, & 2 rams. They’ll be a burnt offering to God, together with their grain offering & drink offering. Then they’d sacrifice 1 male goat, & 2 lambs, all 3 a year old. The goat was for the sin offering. The lambs were for a fellowship/peace offering. Then the priest is to wave the 2 lambs before God as the wave offering, together with the bread of the first fruits. They’re a sacred offering to God, for the priest.
On that same day, they had to proclaim a sacred assembly. Don’t do regular work. When the Israelites reap the harvest of their land, don’t reap the harvest the edges of your field. Or gather the “gleanings” of their harvests. They were to be left for the poor & the alien/foreigner.
Feast of Trumpets:
God then told Moses about the Feast of Trumpets:
On the 1st day of Tishri, the Israelites were/are to have a day of rest, a sacred assembly commemorated with trumpet blasts. Don’t do any regular work on this day. Present an offering made to God, by fire.
Day of Atonement:
On the 10th day of Tishri is the Day of Atonement, hold a sacred assembly & deny yourselves. (This is usually fasting.) Present an offering made to God, by fire. Don’t work on that day (of any kind), because it’s the Day of Atonement. When atonement is made for you before God. Anyone who doesn’t fast on that day must be excommunicated. God would destroy from among their people anyone who does any work on that day. From the evening of the 9th day of the month until the following evening, the Israelites had to observe this sabbath.
Feast of Tabernacles:
On the 15th day of Tishri, the Feast of Tabernacles begins. It lasts for 7 days. The 1st day is a sacred assembly. (Pretty much, a sacred assembly nowadays is going to church, synagogue, etc.) Don’t do any regular work. For 7 days, they (the Israelites) had to present offerings to God, by fire. On the 8th day, they had to hold a sacred assembly. Also presenting an offering made to God, by fire. This is the closing assembly. Again, not doing any regular work.
These are God’s appointed feasts, which they were/are to proclaim as sacred assemblies for bringing offerings made to God, by fire. The brunt, grain, & drink offerings & sacrifices required for each day. These offerings are in addition to those for the Sabbaths. And in addition to the gifts, whatever they’ve vowed, & all the freewill offerings they’ve given to God. You can also find this part in Nehemiah 8:14 of the Christian & Jewish bible. Being in the Old Testament.
Then beginning on the 15th day of Tishri, after the Israelites have reaped their crops, they celebrated the festival to God for 7 days. The 1st & 8th days are days of rest. On the 1st day, they were/are to take the choice fruit from the trees, palm fronds, leafy branches & poplars. Rejoicing before God for 7 days. This was/is a yearly festival, lasting 7 days total.
They had to live in “booths” for 7 days. All natural-born Israelites are to live in the booths. So that the Israelites would remember that he (God) had them (the Israelites) live in booths when God brought them out of Egypt.
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