This chapter is about the rules for the guilt offering & the fellowship offering. Plus we’ll also be getting into eating fat & blood being forbidden. Because that was the priests’ only job, was to be a priest. So they had to get food & money, somehow. So God put down some rules about the priests’. It’s pretty much a rehashing on the guilt & fellowship offerings, plus a few new nuggets. And we start seeing more & more dietary restrictions. I hope y’all enjoy the read!
Here’s the guilt offering:
The guilt offering was most holy. The guilt offering was slaughtered in the place where the burnt offering was slaughtered. The blood sprinkled against the altar against the altar on all sides. All the fat from the offering was offered: the fat tail & the fat that covered the inner parts, both kidneys with its fat on them near the loins, & the covering of the liver, which was removed with the kidneys.
Any male in the priest’s family may eat it, but it HAD to be eaten & eaten in a holy place.
The same law was applicable to both the sin & guilt offering: they belong to the priest who makes the atonement for/with them. The priest who makes the burnt offering for someone may keep the hide for their selves.
Every grain offering baked in an oven/cooked in a pan/on a griddle belongs to the priest who offers it up. Plus every grain offering, whether wet or dry, belongs equally to ALL the sons that Aaron had.
Here’s what’s up with the fellowship offering:
If a person offers a fellowship offering as an expression of thankfulness (along with this thanks offering), they’re to offer yeast-less bread cakes that were mixed with oil & cakes made with fine flour that was well-kneaded & mixed with oil. They were also to give, along with the cakes mentioned above, cakes that had yeast. They then brought each kind of their offerings to the priest. This belongs to the priest who sprinkles the blood of the fellowship offerings. The meat of the thanksgiving fellowship offering HAD to be eaten that day. There must not be any left over in the morning.
However, if a person’s offering was the result of a vow/free will offering, the sacrifice HAD to be eaten on the same day it was offered. However, anything left over can be eaten the next day. Any meat left over on the 3rd day must be burned. (This includes the day that it was sacrificed.) If any of the meat is eaten on the 3rd day, it won’t be accepted. It won’t count toward the person who offered it, because it’s not pure. (I don’t know about you, but I’d be highly upset if my offering wasn’t accepted because the priest didn’t follow the rules!!! I think the priest & I would be having some unfriendly words with each other. Perhaps it might even come to fisticuffs, depending on what the sacrifice was for!) And if whoever eats any of it will be held responsible for it.
Meat that touches anything that’s ceremonially unclean, the meat can’t be eaten! (DON’T DO IT!!!) It has to be burned. As for other meat, anyone who’s ceremonially clean may eat it. However, if anyone who’s unclean eats any of the meat from the fellowship offering, that belongs to God, has to be excommunicated. If anyone touches something unclean (whether this was from human uncleanliness (we’ll be getting into that), an unclean animal (we’ll be getting more into this later, too), or anything that was unclean/detestable thing (there’s a litany of things that this is or can be.)), then eats the fellowship offering: excommunication is the order of the day.
Now onto the eating of the fat & blood being forbidden:
The Israelites couldn’t/can’t (I’m assuming that modern practicing followers of Judaism still follow this particular dietary ‘standard.’) eat any of the fat from cattle, sheep, or goats. The fat of an animal that’s found already dead &/or messed up by wild critters may be used for any other purpose. But ya can’t eat it!
Anyone who ate the fat of an animal from which an offering, by fire, made to God had to be excommunicated. Wherever they (the Israelites) lived, they couldn’t eat the blood of any bird/animal. If they did eat the blood, sorry but excommunicated. (Like they were for reals with this! Like it was “Bye, Felicia!” & everything! Like “We don’t care where you go, but ya can’t stay here.” Yep…)
These were the rules/laws for the burnt, grain, sin, & guilt offerings. God gave Moses these sets of laws/rules whilst he was on Mount Sinai. This was on the same day the Israelites were commanded (love that term) to bring their offerings to God, while they were in the Sinai desert.