This chapter gets into the rules for the guilt, burnt, grain, & sin offerings. This chapter is divided into sections, in the text. I hope y’all enjoy!
If anyone sins & is “unfaithful” to God by deceiving his neighbor about something that was entrusted to him, something was left in their care or stolen, if they cheat the neighbor, finds lost property & lies about it, swears falsely (being a false witness. 10 commandments folks.), or commits any such sin that people are prone to do, when they find out & they became guilty. They have to return what was stolen or taken, what was entrusted to them, etc. They are to make restitution, in full. Plus add a 1/5 of the value of it & give it to the owner on the day that they present their guilt offering.
God then told Moses to tell Aaron & his sons that these were the rules for the burnt offering: The actual burnt offering was to stay on the altar all night, until the morning. The fire had to be burning on the altar. The priest would then put on his linen clothes & the linen underpants. The priest would then remove the ashes of the burnt offering. The ashes were placed beside the altar. The priest then took off those clothes & put on others. They then carried the ashes outside the camp to a ceremonially clean place. The fire on the altar had to keep burning. It couldn’t go out. Every morning the priest had to add more firewood & arrange the burnt offering on the fire. Plus burn the fat of the fellowship offerings on it. The fire HAD to keep burning on the altar continuously.
These are the rules for the grain offering: Aaron’s sons are to bring the offering before God, in front of the altar. The priest then took a handful of fine flour & oil, together with all the incense on the grain offering. The priest burnt the memorial portion on the altar as an aroma pleasing to God. (Again, I’ve never understood this. I know that God can smell things. I mean He should be able to, right? But why would God want us, humanity or more specifically the Israelites, to burn things so He can smell them? Does God really just like a really good BBQ?!)
Aaron & his sons ate the rest. It was eaten without yeast & in the courtyard of the Tent of Meeting. Like the sin & guilt offerings, it’s most holy. Any male descendant of Aaron may eat it. It’s his regular share of the offerings made to God by fire. Whatever touched them became holy.
This was what Aaron & his sons were to bring an offering, on the day he’s to be anointed: a 1/10 of an ephah (about 2 quarts or about 2 liters) of fine flour as a regular grain offering. Half of it in the morning was offered, the other 1/2 in the evening. It’s to be prepared with oil, on a griddle. It’s also to be well mixed & to be presented with the grain offering broken into pieces.
The son who was going succeed Aaron as the anointed priest is the one to prepare this. It’s God’s regular share & is to be burned completely. Every grain offering of a priest will be burned completely & it mustn’t be eaten.
Here are the rules/laws for the sin offering:
The offering was to be slaughtered before God, in the same place that the burnt offering was slaughtered. And again, it’s most holy. The priest who offered it was the one to eat it. (So I wonder if one priest was like, “Hey, guys. You know what? Y’all other priests go ahead take a break. Relax.” And he just eats for free.) Any male in a priest’s family (sons, grandsons, nephews,etc.) may eat it. Also whatever touches any of the flesh, that also became holy. If the blood got on a garment, you had to wash it in a holy place.
The clay pot that the meat is cooked in, it must be broken. But if it’s cooked in a bronze pot, the pot was to be scoured & rinsed with water. But any sin offering whose blood is brought into the Tent of Meeting to make atonement in the Holy Place cannot be eaten. It had to be burned.