This chapter is about the continuation of the sin offerings & also the guilt offerings. This chapter is a shortie! I hope y’all enjoy!
If a person sins because they didn’t speak up when a public charge to testify regarding something he’s seen or learned about, they’ll be held responsible. Or if a person touches anything “ceremonially” unclean (it could be a carcasses of a wild animal. I don’t know why these are unclean. Or a “unclean” livestock/creatures.), even if they are unaware of it, he has become unclean & is guilty.
If someone touches human uncleanness (This could be a variety of things. Touching a woman who was on her period, someone who had a leprosy, etc.), even if they are unaware of it. When they learn of it, they’ll be guilty. (Ok, here’s my question, if they don’t ever find out that they had sinned, or done something wrong, then are they still guilty? Because this was the time before “all your sins will find you out.”)
If a person thoughtlessly takes an oath to do something, whether for good or bad, in any way that one might carelessly swear about (like “I swear to God I’m gonna whatever.” That would be kinda taking an oath or swearing. Like you would get sworn in at court.), & didn’t know it, they’ll be guilty when they find out.
When anyone is guilty in ANY of these ways, they MUST confess in what way they’ve sinned. As a penalty for the sin they’ve committed, they had to bring to God a female lamb or goat as the offering. The priest made the atonement for them. If they can’t afford a lamb, he’s to give 2 doves/young pigeons to God as the sacrifice. One was for the sin offering & the other one was for the burnt offering.
If they can’t afford the birds, he’s to bring a tenth of an ephah (about 2 quarts or about 2 liters) of fine flour as their offering for their sin. They couldn’t put oil or incense on it, due to it being for a sin offering. They brought this to the priest, who took a handful of the flour as a memorial portion & burn it on the altar. The rest of the offering will belong to the priests. Just like with the grain offering.
When a person commits a violation & sins unintentionally toward any of God’s holy things, he’s to bring to God as a penalty a ram from the flock, defect-less. The ram had to be of proper value in silver, which was based on the sanctuary shekel. (This is about 2/5 of an ounce, or about 11.5 grams.) This is the guilt offering! Ta-da!
They must make restitution for what he’s failed to do, when in regards to the holy things. Add a 1/5 of the value to it & they gave it to the priest. The priest would then make atonement for him with the ram as a guilt offering. The person is then forgiven.