This chapter is about the sin offering. Pretty much this chapter is about what you have to give as an offering for what sin you’ve committed. Plus what critters you had to sacrifice for what sin you’ve committed. I hope y’all enjoy.
God told Moses to tell the Israelites: “When anyone sins unintentionally & does what’s forbidden in any of God’s commands, here’s what to do.”
If the anointed priest sins, bringing guilt on the people. (There’s a reason that the priest’s sins affect the people is because of the spiritual leader is sinning then they could lead the people into sinning.) The priest MUST bring to God a young bull (It doesn’t say anything about the gender of the bull. It does matter because it mentions later on about the gender of the sacrificed animal.) without defect as the sin offering for the sin he has committed. The animal was sacrificed before the entrance to the Tent to God. He was then to dip his finger into the blood & sprinkle some of it 7x before God, in front of the curtain of the Holy of Holies. Then there’s blood put everywhere, on the horns of the altar, at the entrance of the Tent. All of the inners were taken out of the bull, just like in the fellowship offering. (This is described more in-depth in chapter 3.) The priest then burnt them on the altar of burnt offerings. But the hide of the bull & the rest of the bull MUST be taken outside of the camp to a place that was ceremonially cleaned (where the ashes are thrown) & burn it in a wood fire on the ash heap.
If the whole Israelite community sins unintentionally & does what’s forbodden in any of God’s commands/laws, even though everyone is unawares of it, EVERYBODY is guilty. When they become aware of the the sin that was committed, the community must bring a young bull as the sin offering. They present it before the Tent of Meeting. The elders of the community laid hands on the bull’s head before God. The bull will be slaughtered before God.
The “anointed” priest then takes some of the blood into the Tent. (I dont know why they mentioned anointed priests. Because so far there has been no mention of any unanointed priests. At all.) The priest will dip his finger into the blood & sprinkled it before God 7x in front of the curtain. (This was the curtain was the one that behind it was the Holy of Holies.) Some of the blood the priest is put on the horns of the altar that was in the the Tent before God. The rest of the blood the priest will pour out at the base of the altar of burnt offering that was at the entrance to the Tent. The priest then removed all the fat from the animal & burn it on the altar. This is the way the priest will make atonement for the Israelites, & they’ll be forgiven.
When a leader sins unintentionally & does what’s forbidden in any of the commandments of God, he’s guilty. When he’s made aware that he’s sinned, he must bring a male goat, without defect, as his offering. The goat was sacrificed just like above. This was the way the priest will make atonement for the man’s sins. He’ll be forgiven.
If a member of the Israelite community sins unintentionally & does what’s forbidden in ANY of God’s commands, he’s guilty. When he’s made aware of his sins, he MUST bring a female goat, without defect, as his offering. (See, the gender of the sacrificial animal is important. The leaders had to bring a male goat. The general population had to use a female goat. Why it was like this, I’m not sure.) The priest then did the same as above with the blood. And the fat was removed, just like the fellowship offering. This was the way that the priest made atonement for the community member. They would be forgiven.