This chapter is about Moses getting water from a rock & the Amalekites being defeated. This chapter is interesting! The Israelites complain, again, about needing water. Plus the Israelites actually have an army & defeat the Amalekites. I hope you enjoy the read.
All of the Iraelites went from the Desert of Sin, going from place to place. Because God commanded them to. They camped at Rephidim. There was no water to drink at this spot. So the Israelites started arguing with Moses. “Give us water to drink!” “Why are you arguing with me?! Why don’t you put God to the test?!”
But the people were thirsty for water & they complained against Moses. “Why did you bring us out of Egypt, to have us die of thirst?” So Moses cries to God, “These people are about to stone me! What am I gonna do with these people?!” God then tells Moses to walk ahead of the Israelites, with some of the elders of Israel (at this time it’s still refers to the Israelites, not the nation of Israel.) & take in his (Moses’) hand the staff he parted the sea with & go.
God told Moses that they’d met up at the rock at Horeb. God said that he would stand before them there. Moses was told to strick the rock & water would come out for the people to drink. So Moses did as he was told, in front of the elders of Israel. Moses then called the place Massah & Meribah (Massah means testing. Meribah means quarreling.). Because the Israelites quarreled/complained & because they tested God by saying “Is God with us or not?” (This always kinda got me because I didn’t think that we were suppose to test God. But this is before the 10 Commandments, Leviticus, & Deuteronomy. You know, all the long & boring Jewish law books of the Jewish/Christian bibles. Everyone HATED reading these in Sunday school. I’m not sure if Jews have a Sunday school. Let me know in the comments!)
The Amalekites came along. They attacked the Israelites at Rephidim. Moses says to the Joshua (Here’s the 1st real mention of Joshua. Yes, this is the same Joshua that the book of the bible is named after & the same Joshua that defeated Jericho.), “Get some guys together. Go out to fight the Amalekites. Tomorrow I’ll stand on top of the hill. I’ll have “the staff of God” in my hands.”
So Joshua fought the Amalekites as Moses ordered. Moses, Aaron, & Hur (?!?!) were on top of the hill. As long as Moses held his hands up, the Israelites won! Whenever Moses’ arms got tired & he lowered his arms, the Israelites were losing the battle. So since Moses’ arms were getting tired, Aaron & Hur put a stone under Moses. Moses sat on the stone. Aaron & Hur held up Moses’ hands up, so that his hands remained steady until sunset. So Joshua won the battle against the Amalekites.
Then God says to Moses, “Write this down on a scroll as something to be remembered. Make sure that Joshua hears it, because I’ll completely blot out the memory of the Amalek from under heaven.” (But if you think about, their memory isn’t blotted out from under heaven because the bible mentions them here. Right?!)
Moses built an altar. He called the altar: The Lord is my Banner. Moses said, “For hands were lifted up to the throne of God. God will be at war against the Amalekites from generation to generation.”