This chapter is about the Passover, the exodus, & Passover restrictions. This is where we get into the nitty gritty of the firstborn plague. This chapter is definitely interesting. Passover is a cornerstone of the Jewish faith. People who are in the Jewish faith take Passover VERY seriously. Even to this day. And the exodus (Yes, this is where this book gets its name.), where they leave Egypt. I hope you enjoy!
God said to our titual brothers (Moses & Aaron): “This month is to be the 1st month of the year. (This is where the Jewish calendar starts.) Tell the Israelites, all of them, that on 10th day of this month that each MAN is to take a lamb for his family. Make sure there’s 1 lamb for each Jewish household. If the household is too small for a whole lamb, they must share with their closest neighbor, taking into account the number of people. You’re to determine the amount of lamb needed with how much people will eat. The animals are to be 1-year old without blemishes or defect. You may take from the goats or sheep. Take care of them until the 14th day of the month. This is when all the Israelites must slaughter them at midnight. They are then to take some of the blood & put it on the sides & tops of the door frames of the houses where they eat the lambs. That same night they’re to eat the meat roasted over the fire, along with bitter herbs & bread without yeast. DO NOT eat the meat raw or cooked in water. It has to be roasted over the fire! Everything: head, legs, inners. This is how you are to eat the meat: with your cloak tucked into your belt, your sandals on your feet & your staff in your hand. Eat it fast.”
God let Moses & Aaron know that on the same night the Israelites eat the meat, God will pass over (hence the name: Passover) Egypt & kill every firstborn, men & animals. God also told them that He’d bring judgement on all the gods of Egypt, the blood will be a sign for you on the houses. God would see the blood & know to pass over that house.
God told the 2 brothers that this will be a day that will be celebrated for generations to come. The Israelites are to eat unleavened bread (bread without yeast) for 7 days. Here’s the skinny: On the 1st day, remove all the yeast from the house. (If someone eats anything with yeast from the 1st day through the 7th day, they are to be cut off from the Jewish faith.) Also on the 1st day, hold a sacred assembly, & another on the 7th day. Don’t work AT ALL on these days, except to prepare food to eat. That’s all they can do. Wherever you live, you must eat unleavened bread.
Moses then proceeded to the elders of the Jewish community what was going down. Moses also told them that if they put the blood on the doorframe that “the destroyer” (Whomever or whatever this entity is. Most believe that “the destroyer” is the angel of death.) will not enter their homes, it’ll pass over them. Moses also told them that this will be a ritual to be done in perpetuity for generations. The Israelites bowed down & worshipped God. They then did what Moses told them.
At midnight, that night the 14th day of the first month of the Jewish calendar, God killed (Yes, God killed multiple multiple people! I’m gonna venture a guess & say hundreds, maybe thousands, of kids. Which is the common idea. But I wonder if this applied to adults. Like did God kill the firstborn of the adults too? That would push the death toll into the thousands.) all the firstborns of Egypt, humans & animals alike, from the Pharaoh’s household to the prisoner in jail.
All of Egypt awoke during the night & saw what had happened. There was loud weeping & wailing throughout Egypt. There was NO Egyptian household that wasn’t affected by this.
After the discovery of deaths of the firstborn & while it was still dark (Because remember the deaths happened at midnight, so it would still be dark.), Pharaoh summoned our heroes (Moses & Aaron) & promptly told them to get out of Egypt. Everyone, all the Israelites, all the things (“possessions”), & their livestock. Pharaoh also asks them to bless him! (Wow! The gull of this guy huh?! He holds a WHOLE community of people as slaves & wants blessed when he releases them! I mean, just wow!)
The Egyptians urged the Israelites to hurry up & leave!! So the Israelites asked the Egyptians for gold, silver, & clothing. God made the Egyptians favorable toward the Israelites. The Israelites pretty much plundered all of Egypt. Plus the Israelites took their dough before the yeast was added. They carried it on their shoulders IN the kneading troughs wrapping it in cloth.
The Israelites went from the city of Rameses to Succoth. (These are cities that can be found on a quick Google search.) There were about 6,000 men on foot, plus the women & children. There were other people that weren’t Israelites that came with them. With the dough they had brought from Egypt, they baked the unleavened bread. The bible says that they didn’t put in any yeast because they were driven out of Egypt so fast.
The Jewish people lived in Egypt for 430 years. At the end of the 430 years, to the day, all of the Israelites left Egypt. And God kept vigil that night to bring them out of Egypt. Now on this night all of the Israelites are to keep vigil to honor God.
God then told Moses & Aaron the rules to Passover, shall we say: No foreigners are to eat the Passover meal. Any slave you’ve got may eat it, only after the slave is circumcised. A temporary resident or a hired worker can’t partake. It MUST be eaten inside 1 house. DON’T take any of the meal outside of the house. DON’T break any bones. (This sentence is found in John 19:36.) All Jews MUST celebrate it. An alien (meaning foreigner) living with you who wants to partake in the Passover meal must have all the males in the alien’s household to be circumcised. No uncircumcised male may eat it!
The Israelites, all of them, did what Moses said that God said. (It sounds crazy when you put it like that. But I’m not mad at it!) On that very day, God brought the Israelites out of Egypt.