This chapter is about the death of Abraham, Ishmael’s sons, & Jacob & Esau. This chapter is the last time we hear about Ishmael. Esau makes a bad decision because he was hungry.
Abraham took another wife, after Sarah died, named Keturah. She had 6 sons with Abraham. Their names were Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, & Shuah. Jokshan was the father of Sheba & Dedan. The descendants of Dedan were the Asshurites, the Letushites, & the Leummites. The sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, & Eldaah.
However, Abraham left everything he owned to Isaac. While he was still alive, he gave gifts to the sons of his concubines (Yes. Abraham had concubines!). He sent them away from Isaac to the land of the east. (There’s no mention of the covenant. Like Isaac & Ishmael are under.)
Abraham lived a total of 175 years. He lived 48 years after Sarah died. Then Abraham died & he was gathered to his people. (Never quite understood what this meant. If someone would like to enlighten me, please do so in the comments.) His sons Isaac & Ishmael buried Abraham in the cave of Machpelah near Mamre. He was buried in the same cave as Sarah.
This is the sons of Ishmael. They are in order of their birth: Nebaioth, Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, Mishma, Dumah, Massa, Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, & Kedemah. Ishmael lived to be 137 years old. He died & was gathered to his people. Ishmael’s descendants settled in the area from Havilah to Shur, near the border of Egypt, as you go toward Asshur. They lived in hostility toward all their “brothers.” Pretty much, Isaac’s kids/descendants.
Here’s a story about Jacob & Esau. Isaac was 40 years old when he married Rebekah. (It says that Bethuel (her dad) was an Aramean. And they were from northwest Mesopotamia.) Rebekah had the same “problem” as Sarah, she was infertile. So Isaac prayed to God on her behalf. God heard his prayer & Rebekah became pregnant with twins. The babies jostled around in belly. She’s like “What is going on here?” So she went to ask God about it.
God said to Rebekah, “2 nations are in your womb. 2 peoples from within you will be separated. 1 people will be stronger than the other. The older twin will serve the younger 1.” (“The older twin will server the younger 1.” is also in Romans 9:12.) When the time came for Rebekah to give birth, the 1st one came out red. His whole body was like a hairy garment; so they named him Esau (Esau may mean hairy. He was also called Edom, which means red.). After this, his brother came out, with his hand grasping Esau’s heel. They named him Jacob (Jacob means he grasps the heel or figuratively, he deceives.). Isaac was 60 years old when Jacob & Esau were born.
The boys grew up. Esau became a skillful hunter, a man of the open country. Jacob was a quiet man, staying among the tents. Isaac had a taste for eating wild game & loved Esau. Rebekah, however, loved Jacob. (These parents obviously had favorites!)
Once when Jacob was cooking some stew, Esau came in from the open country. Esau was famished. He said to Jacob, “Quick, let me have some of that red stew! I’m famished!” (That’s why he was called Edom.) Jacob tells Esau that he can have some stew if Esau sells him Esau’s birthright. (See, Jacob is shady. It gets even murkier later!) Esau says that he’s about to die, what good is his birthright to him. Jacob makes Esau swear an oath. Then Jacob gave Esau some bread & lentil stew. He ate & drank, then got up & left. So Esau despised his birthright.