This is another genealogical chapter. This is the geneology of Noah’s sons. It’s gonna be a fun one. I’ll do my best to help you understand who’s who’s parent, grandparent, etc. I hope you enjoy the read.
The lineage of Japheth is called the Japhethites. Japheth had 7 named sons. Their names are: Gomer, Magog, Madal, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, & Tiras (these are Noah’s grandsons). Only 2 of his sons (Gomer & Javan) have sons mentioned. The sons of Gomer are mentioned here in chapter 10 & in I Corinthians 1:6. Their names are Ashkenas, Riphath, & Togarmah (these would be Noah’s great-grandsons.). And Javan had 4 sons. Their names are Elishah, Tarshish, the Kittim, & the Rodanim. The bible says that from these peoples, the maritime people’s spread out, each with its own language.
The lineage of Ham is called the Hamites. Ham had 4 sons. Their names were Cush, Mizaim, Put, & Canaan. These 4 are Noah’s grandsons. Only one of Ham’s sons have named sons in the bible (Cush). Cush had 5 named sons in the bible. Which would be Noah’s great-grandsons. Their names were: Sebastian, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah & Sabteca. Then Raamah (Noah’s great-great-grandson) had a 2 sons named Sheba & Dedan.
Verse 8-9 are also found in I Chronicles 1:10. It deals Cush. Cush was the father of Nimrod, who was a mighty warrior. He was a might hunter before the Lord. The 1st centers of his kingdom were Babylon, Erech, Akkad, & Calneh, in Shinar. I’m sure where some of these places are/were. From there he went to Assyria, where he built Nineveh, Rehoboth Ir, Calah & Resen, which is between Nineveh & Calah. “That’s the great city.”
Ham’s son Mizaim (Noah’s grandson; & I’m assuming 2nd born. It seems like the Old Testament is all about them some firstborns.) was the father of the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites, Pathrusites, Casiuhites (the Philistines came from them), & Caphtorites. I’ve got no idea who any of these groups are. I couldn’t find any info on them. (Sorry.)
Ham’s son Canaan (Noah’s grandson; & remember that Noah cursed him in the previous chapter.) was the father of: Sidon (Canaan’s firstborn), Hittites, Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites, Hivites, Arkites, Sinites, Arvadites, Zemarites & Hamathites. Some of these names do appear later in biblical texts. Later the Canaanite clans scattered. Their borders reached Sidon toward Gerar as far as Gaza. Then toward Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, & Zebolim, as far as Lasha.
The sons that were born to Shem are/were called the Semites. Shem was the ancestor of all the sons of Eber. Shem’s sons (Noah’s grandsons) are called (at least the named ones): Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, & Aram. The sons of Aram (they are also mentioned in I Chronicles 1:17; who would be Noah’s great-grandsons & it seems weird to me that they would mention the youngest first. I’m assuming that since his name (Aram) is last in the order of names.) are: Uz, Hul, Gether, & Meshech. Arphaxad (the 3rd name of the sons of Shem, Noah’s grandson) was the father of Shelah (Noah’s great-grandson) was the son of Eber (Noah’s great-great-grandson). 2 sons were born to Eber. One was named Peleg (Noah’s great-great-great-grandson; Peleg means division in Hebrew) because in his time the earth was divided (makes me think of Pangea (or Pangaea); the ‘theory’ that all the land masses were fit together like a giant jigsaw puzzle.); Peleg had a brother named Joktan. Joktan (who’s also Noah’s great-great-great-grandson) was the father of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, Obal, Abimael, Sheba, Ophir, Havilah, & Jobab (all of Joktan’s sons are Noah’s 4x-grandsons.). 2 of the names of Joktan’s sons sounds very familiar: Sheba (which there’s the Queen of Sheba who meets with King Solomon) & Ophir (I Kings talks about gold brought from Ophir, the gold being under Solomon’s “rule”). “The region where they lived stretched from Mesha toward Sephar, in the eastern hill country.” (10:30, NIV)
This is clans of Noah’s sons, with their lines of descent. From these, the nations spread out over the earth after the flood/deluge. I always thought that this line was great. Because I think that it means that Noah & his sons pretty much repopulated the WHOLE world. And that every ethnic group came from them.