The Gospel of Thomas, Part 11; The Dissection, Part 2

On far from me, far from the kingdom, see the Gospel of the Savior; Ignatius, ‘Smyrnaeans‘ 4:2; & Greek proverbs. Versions of this saying are also known from Orgen, Didymus the Blind, & an Armenian text from the Monastery of St. Lazzaro.

On dying or becoming visible, how much will you bear: for sayings 83-84, see Genesis 1:26-28 & discussions in Philosophy of Alexandria & gnostic accounts of creation. Simon Magnus was called the great power of God. See Acts 8:9-10.

Concept of Our Power. “Child of humanity” may also be translated “son of man,” & here the phase is used by Jesus as a general reference to a person or even as a reference to himself. See Matthew 8:20; Luke 9:58; Plutarch (circa 46-circa 120. A Greek biographer & philosopher. His Latin name is Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus. He’s chiefly known for ‘Parallel Lives,’ a collection of biographies of prominent Greeks & Romans.), ‘Life of Tiberius Gracchus‘ 9.4-5; Abu Hamid Muhammad al-Ghazali, ‘Revival of the Religious Sciences‘ 3.153.

On put the jar down, discovering it emptied, this parable is known only here in early Christian literature, though a somewhat similar story is found in “Macarius” of Syria.

On 101, this restoration remains tentative. Another possible restoration: “For my mother, who has given birth to me, has destroyed me.” It’s possible, though more difficult, to restore to read the entire sentence as follows: “For my mother gave birth to me, but my true mother gave life to me.” Perhaps the Holy Spirit as a spiritual mother, see the Gospel of the Hebrews 3; the Secret Book of James 6; the Gospel of Philip 5. Also see Matthew 10:37-38; Luke 12:26-27; & the Gospel of Thomas 55.

On despising physical connections, see the Gospel of Thomas 55, 101; the Book of Thomas 144.

On Sion Magus, Helena, and the soul’s prostitution, see Irenaeus, ‘Against Heresies 1.28.2; Exegesis on the Soul.

On the rendition of Jesus as the illegitimate child of Mary, see Origen, ‘Against Celsus‘ 1.23.2; perhaps of John 8:41.

On the conflict between Peter & Mary (more than likely Mary Magdalene, since the allusion of her within the text), see the Gospel of Mary 17-18; the Pistis Sophia 36, 72, 146. Here the female may symbolize what’s earthly & perishable & the male what’s heavenly & imperishable. See Hippolytus, ‘Refutation of All Heresies‘ 5.8.44; Clement of Alexandria, ‘Excerpts fromTheodotus‘ 79; First Apocalypse of James 41; Zostrianos 131. For another saying on transformation that employs gender categories in a different manner, see the Gospel of Thomas 22.

On 23-49, see Deuteronomy 32:30; Ecclesiastes 7:28; the Pistis Sophia 134.  In general, see Matthew 6:22-23; Luke 11:34, 36; the Dialogue of the Savior 125-26. Also see, Matthew 7:3-5; Luke 6:41-42; Clement of Alexandria, Miscellanies; Tertullian, Against the Jewish People 4. Check out Joshua 1:14; 1 Timothy 3:16; Proverbs 1:20-33; Bar. 3:37; the Gospel of Thomas 7. Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 1.23-30 has been reconstructed to read as follows: “Jesus says, ‘Where there are 3, the’re without God, & where there’s only one, I say, I am with that one Lift up the stone, & you’ll find me there. Split the piece of wood, & I’m there.” On the conclusion of this version the saying, see the Gospel of Thomas 77:2-3.  On the saying in general, see Matthew 18:19-20; Ephraem Syrus, Exposition on the Harmony of the Gospel 14; Matthew 13;57; Mark 6:4; Luke 4:23-24; John 4:44.  Also check out, Matthew 5:14; 7:24-25; Luke 6:47-48.

The phase “in the other ear” may be a case of dittography (an accidental duplication by the author or copyist), or it may refer to someone else’s ear or even one’s own “inner” ear. See Matthew 5:15; Luke 11:33; Mark 4:21; Luke 8:16. Also check out Matthew 15:14; Luke 6:39; Matthew 12:29; Mark 3:27; Luke 11:21-22; Matthew 62:33, 34; Luke 12:22-31, 32. Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 655.1-17 presents the following expanded saying; “Jesus says, ‘Don’t worry, from morning to nightfall nor from evening to morning, either about you food, what you’ll eat, or about your robe, what clothing you’ll wear. You’re much better than the lilies, which don’t card or spin. And since you’ve one article of clothing, what or, why…you…? Who might add to your stature? That’s the one who will give you your clothing.'” Check out the Gospel of the Egyptians; the Gospel of Philip 75; Hippolytus, ‘Refutation of All Heresies‘ 5.8.44; the Manichaeans Psalm Book 99,26-30; the gospel of Philip 75.


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